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Laugharne Castle, Carmarthenshire - Watercolour
The bushes used in this painting are Winsor & Newton Cotman brushes and I only used 3 in this painting.
1 1/2 inch flat wash brush, 3/4 inch flat wash brush and the Number 8 Round.  The paints I used were Winsor & Newton Artists Quality Watercolours.  Ultramarine Blue, Yellow Ochre, Burnt Sienna, Raw Umber, Hookers Green, Light Red and Alizarin Crimson.  I also used a colour by the SAA called Sand Stone.  I used Winsor & Newton Artists Watercolour Paper, 140lbs and simply taped it, on all edges, to a board.  Click here if you would like to purchase any of these items at a discounted price.
Copyright © 2014 by Leanne Ellis   •   All Rights reserved   •   E-Mail: leanne-ellis@sky.com
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To finish this painting add the posts in the grasses.  I used the sharp edge of the 3/4 inch wash brush to achieve this.  Ground the posts with a little shadow mix and you're all done.  Take your tape off to reveal a white boarder.

I hope you've enjoyed this project.  If you would like me to review your work please feel free to e-mail me at leanne-ellis@sky.com with a digital picture of your achievement or tag me on twitter @LeanneEllisArt
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Click on any of the images to see a larger picture.  As you can see from this first one, I started off with a very simple outline drawing.  Don't go into too much detail as it will be lost when the paint starts to go on.
Using the 1 1/2 inch wash brush, pre-wet the entire sky area fill it in with a strong Ultramarine Blue.  It needs to be strong as it will dry lighter than when you put it on.  Rinse out your brush, squeeze out excess water and take out some clouds.  Make sure the brush is damp to get the best effect with clouds.  Wash out your brush again and mop up where your sky has gone into your buildings and distant hills.  Let this dry slightly.
Whilst the sky is slightly damp, pre-wet the distant hills, using the 3/4 inch wash brush and block in with a watery mix of Yellow Ochre.  Whilst still wet dawb on Hookers Green mixed with Yellow Ochre, Raw Umber by itself and Ultramarine Blue.  Keep the blue to where you want your shadows and to the base of the hills.  Merge those colours together with a clean damp brush and, as you did with the clouds, take out paint where you want the light to show.  The light is coming from the left in this painting.
Rather than waiting for the painting to dry, I move around the paper and paint different sections.  Here I have done the wash on the Castle.  First I filled the entire castle with Charles Evans Sand, still using the 3/4 inch wash brush, then blobbed in Yellow Ochre, Raw Umber, Light Red and tiny touches of Ultramarine Blue.  With a clean damp brush merge these colours together.  Again, don't worry about detail at this time.  For the water I used a mix of Ultramarine Blue, a touch of Hookers Green and a touch of Burnt Sienna.  The distant water is lighter, simply add more water for this.
This section is rather simple.  Fill in the path with Yellow Ochre, again with the 3/4 inch wash brush, making sure you leave bits of white showing here and there.  Don't forget that the further the path goes back, the lighter it becomes.
Whilst the path is drying mix your black using Ultramarine Blue and Burnt Sienna as this gives a more natural black.  Fill in the windows on the castle using the Number 8 Round Brush.  The rest of this section was done with the 3/4 inch wash brush.  For the middle distant grasses I simply filled the area with Yellow Ochre, leaving bits of white, then went over again with a mix of Hookers Green and Yellow Ochre.  For the foreground grasses I dawbed on Yellow Ochre followed by Hookers Green and Burnt Sienna Mix followed by Burnt Sienna, followed by Ultramarine Blue.  Don't worry about detail at this point.  Now its time for a cup of tea as this needs to completely dry.
In this image you can see the castle has come to life.  Its simply a little shadow that makes it jump off the page.  Shadow mix is Ultramarine Blue, Alizarin Crimson and a touch of Burnt Sienna.  Add this where you see on this image using the 3/4 inch wash brush.  Keep the shadows sharp except on the tower.  Simply use a clean damp brush to soften it to make the tower appear round.  Add the details of the Battlements (or crenellation) using the same mix and the number 8 round brush.  On the middle distant grasses simply use a strong mix of Hookers Green and Burnt Sienna to add some detail and flick up a little using the 3/4 inch wash brush.  You can add a little reflection to the water by using Charles Evans Sand and Raw Umber mixed.
Lets add some greenery around the castle.  First, using the number 8 round brush stroke on Yellow Ochre, followed by Hookers Green and Burnt Sienna mix to the grass area to the left of the castle.  Next, using the Hookers Green and Burnt Sienna mix and with the same brush, stipple on the hedge below the castle.  Darken areas with Ultramarine Blue.  For the small tree, using the same brush, simply stipple on Yellow Ochre, followed by Hookers Green and Burnt Sienna mix, followed by Ultramarine Blue in the darker bits.  The trunk is Raw Umber to the left and the black I used on the windows to the Right.  The big tree is done the same as the small one but using the 3/4 inch wash brush.
Using the shadow mix that I used on the castle, ground the big tree and the hedge by adding shadow.  Don't forget to add the shadow of the castle to the surrounding areas.  For the bridge I used a similar mix to the castle.  This time, using the number 8 round brush, fill in the bridge with Charles Evans Sand, followed by touches of Yellow Ochre, Burnt Sienna and Ultramarine Blue.  Using a clean damp brush merge these colours together and take out light on the top of the bridge where the sun would catch it.  Once the bridge is dry, add detail using a mix of Raw Umber with a touch of Ultramarine Blue.  Be careful not to add too much detail.  Go over the path with the black mix (Ultramarine Blue and Burnt Sienna) with the 3/4 inch wash brush, making sure you leave gaps here and there.
You can see on this image that I have transformed the blobbed mess in the foreground into grasses.  This is a simple technique.  Firstly, using the 3/4 inch wash brush, blob on a mix of Hookers Green and Burnt Sienna.  Make sure this mix is good and strong.  Whilst still wet, blob on Ultramarine Blue where you want shadows in your grasses.  Edge your road and flick up with the brush here and there to create long grasses.  Using your finger nails, scratch out the grasses (this is where some would wish they didn't bite their nails).  Its important that this is done while the paint is still wet so it might be worth doing one grass section at a time.